Before you consider hip surgery, there are a few key pieces of information you need to know. You must be well informed in the procedure itself, the recovery process, acceptable postoperative activities, along with adequate safety measures. Read below to learn more about this procedure and what to expect.
What Is Hip Surgery?
Hip surgery is a complex, multistep process that should only be handled by the most qualified professionals. It is critical to improve post-operative health outcomes by selecting the right doctor.
This procedure entails the surgical removal of an arthritic hip joint. Once the hip is removed, an artificially implanted joint is used in place of it. These artificial joints generally comprise plastic and metal. This is usually the final resort, especially when all other hip relief methods have failed. Usually, this procedure drastically improves mobility and reduces painful occurrences.
What Happens During Hip Surgery?
There are a few, widely accepted hip replacement methods available for patients today. The traditional hip replacement surgery is still performed. However, some patients prefer a less invasive procedure. These procedures differ according to the prominence of the incision.
Traditional hip surgery involves the following procedure. After receiving anaesthesia, you may or may not receive a spinal anaesthetic for pain prevention. Once this step in complete, an incision is made along the hip. After the incision is made, the doctor displaces the hip muscles to obtain more physical access to the hip joint. The thigh bone is then severed with a saw, and the ball portion of the hip joint is removed. The doctor then retrieves an artificial replacement and attaches it to the thigh using cement. This allows the newly implanted, artificial hip bone to stay attached to the thigh.
Once the doctor attaches the replacement to the hipbone socket, the new ball of the thighbone is placed in the hip socket. Fluid may be removed with the use of a drain. The doctor will then move the hip muscles to their original location and closes the incision.
The less invasive a procedure is, the easier the recovery period will be. Using a less invasive technique, doctors will make smaller incisions performing the same procedure. This decreases blood loss, scars, and it expedites the healing process overall. Of course, the doctor must be experienced in these minimally invasive procedures, otherwise they will worsen the recovery process.
After the Surgery
What happens after the surgery is generally as important as what occurs during the surgery. A hospital stay of 4-6 days is typically required. A drainage tube is used to assist you with bathroom needs. Furthermore, physical therapy is promptly initiated a day after surgery and done for several weeks or months.
It is important minimise stair climbing as much as possible. It is also recommended to sit in a firm, upright chair as well. As far as activities, your physical therapist will assist you in becoming more physically active after your hip surgery. It is critical to engage in activities recommended by your physical therapist because deviating from their advice can equate to an injured or dislocated hip joint.